78.8 million populations, as per the census held in 2006, live near the fertile banks of the river Nile, having an area of about 15,500 sq miles. The area is the only farming land found in the country, where agriculture is possible. The major part of the country forms a part of the Sahara Desert and is not much inhibited. The urban areas in the country is densely populated , with majority spread across greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major towns in the Nile Delta. Incidentally, Cairo is the largest city in Africa and the Middle East.
Egypt holds one of the richest evidence of ancient civilisation and some of the world’s ancient and famous monuments attract millions of tourists to the country. These monuments include the Giza Pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza. You will find a large number of ancient artifacts such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings, in the southern city of Luxor. In the present days, Egypt has come to be known as the main political and cultural centre of the Middle East. About 2,000 years back the ancient culture of Egypt started to decline and disappeared, and the last trace of the culture ceased to exist in the year 391 AD, when the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I closed all pagan temples throughout the Roman Empire. It was during the invasion of Egypt by Napoleon that Europe got to see the wonderful artifacts of the Egypt, when the long lost culture started to be awakened.
During the yearly flooding of the Nile, the water enriched the soil on the banks of the river that brought in good harvests and wealth to the land. The daily life in ancient Egypt revolved around this fertile land. The people of ancient Egypt built mud-brick homes for themselves in the villages of the country and grew some of their own food and traded the rest in the villages for food and other goods which they could not produce. Most of these people worked in the fields as farmers and many of them worked as craftsmen and scribes. A small handful of people were nobles and together, they formed the inhabitants of ancient Egypt.
The ruler of the ancient Egyptian Kingdom, in the pre-Christian and pre-Islamic period are is referred to as a Pharaoh. Such rulers were believed to be the re-incarnation of Horus, who is an ancient God of the anc